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TMJ: What You Need to Know About It

• TMJ is a joint disorder that affects the temporomandibular joint, causing pain and difficulty opening/closing the mouth.

• Stress and anxiety, misaligned teeth or bites, arthritis, trauma, gender, and age can be risk factors for TMJ.

• Braces, medications, physical therapy, and surgery can be used to help manage the symptoms of TMJ.

• It is vital to speak with a doctor or dentist to diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment.

Have you ever experienced pain or discomfort in your jaw while eating or speaking? Do you notice a clicking or popping sound when you open and close your mouth? You could be experiencing the temporomandibular joint disorder, also known as TMJ. TMJ is a condition that affects the joint that connects your jaw to your skull.

What is TMJ?

TMJ is a joint disorder that affects the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which connects your jawbone to your skull. Symptoms of TMJ can include pain in the jaw, face, neck, and shoulders, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, and more. Severe forms of TMJ can lead to symptoms like lockjaw and hearing noises when you move your jaw.

Risk Factors

Various people are more susceptible to TMJ than others. Here are some risk factors when it comes to the disorder:

Stress and Anxiety

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One of the most common risk factors for TMJ is stress and anxiety. People tend to clench or grind their teeth when stressed, putting extra pressure on the TMJ. Over time, this can lead to inflammation and pain. Managing stress through relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation can help alleviate the symptoms of TMJ.

Misaligned teeth or bite

Another risk factor for TMJ has misaligned teeth or bites. This can place uneven pressure on the TMJ, leading to muscle tension and inflammation. Correcting the alignment of your teeth or bite through orthodontic treatment can help reduce the risk of developing TMJ.


Arthritis is a common condition that can affect TMJ. As you age, the cartilage in your joints breaks down, leading to inflammation and pain. If you have a history of arthritis in your family, you may be at an increased risk of developing TMJ. Managing arthritis symptoms through physiotherapy and medication can help alleviate the symptoms of TMJ.


Trauma to the lower jaw or face can also increase the risk of developing TMJ. This can include car accidents, sports injuries, or any other incident that causes a blow to the face. If you have recently experienced trauma or injury to your jaw, be aware of any changes in your bite or jaw movement, and seek medical attention if you experience any pain or discomfort.

Gender and Age

Finally, age and gender can also influence the risk of developing TMJ. Women between 18 and 44 are more likely to have TMJ than men. As people age, the risk of developing TMJ increases due to wear and tear on the TMJ joint. If you are a woman in this age range or approaching middle age, it is important to be aware of the symptoms of TMJ and take preventive measures to protect your joints.

Dealing With TMJ

There are various ways you can manage the symptoms of TMJ. Here are some tips to help you deal with the disorder:


One of the best ways to manage TMJ is using braces or other orthodontic treatments. Properly aligning your bite can help reduce the strain on your TMJ, relieving some symptoms. If you don’t like the looks of having braces, consider alternative options. One of the best options is Invisalign braces. These kinds of braces are made of transparent material and are virtually invisible.


Medications can also be used to help manage the symptoms of TMJ. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can deal with inflammation and pain. Your doctor may also prescribe muscle relaxants, antidepressants, or other medications to help manage your symptoms.


woman having back therapy

Physical therapy is also a great way to reduce the symptoms of TMJ. Your physical therapist can show you exercises and stretches to help relax your jaw muscles, reducing some of the discomfort associated with TMJ.


In extreme cases, surgery may be required to correct the problem. Surgery can help correct any misalignment of the jaw or address any damage that may have been caused by trauma. Your doctor can advise you if this option is appropriate for you.

TMJ is a painful condition that doesn’t have to stop you from living your life. With proper treatment and management, you can reduce the symptoms of TMJ and lead a comfortable life. If you think you may be suffering from TMJ, speaking with your doctor or dentist as soon as possible is important. They can diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment for you. With the right treatment plan, you can find relief from the pain and discomfort associated with TMJ.


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